Social stratification in American society are not clearly defined; Nevertheless, the social scientist has developed a socio-economic stratification of American society. Americans believe in the three classes of society: the rich, the poor and the middle class, and the majority of Americans consider themselves middle class. In reality, American society is more diverse and incomparable, and there is a vast difference between people. Key determinants that make the richness of social class, education, income and occupation. Some sociologists have divided American society in six different categories, including :. Rich or upper class, upper middle class, lower middle class, the lower class and the poor and the under class
It is believed that people who belong to the same social class share similar social positions, similar ways of thinking and way of life; others oppose this idea and believe that we can not generalize the characteristics of people with each other. Social class and creates a hierarchy of identity for the people of each class.
One of the signs of social class in America in terms of income person or household is one of the most important indicators of social class, those families who have two sources of income are in a better position. The per capita income, which means the amount of money allocated to each member is also anther important determinant of social stratification. It can be said that families that have fewer members are in a better position.
Another indicator of social stratification of education that is relevant to the occupation and income. Higher education itself is in need of money and pay for the training, so it is clear that most of the time relatives who are better able to afford the best education for their children: they can pay for better schools and private schools, colleges and universities. As a result, there is a relationship between money and education
One of the most notable features of social class, culture :. The people of the same social class tend to have similar patterns of behavior; Although this behavior and culture is not something changes and amendments to social mobility: people who come up and down in their social stratification acquire the behavior of this social group. But there is diversity within the same social group as well. One of the important terms in American culture and literature, the concept of “class»: Ascendancy on the basis of this concept, each successive generation will have a better standard of living than its predecessors. Another important characteristic of American social class achieved status as not covered statue; This means that, regardless of his or her original statue can be rich and successful, and climb the social ladder. But in reality it is an idealistic point of view can not be absolutely true: many people of color still suffer from racial prejudice, and as a result they can not have a proper education and a good profession, which is perhaps the most important component of the class. These people have a low income, and the cycle will continue until the later generations. Despite the existing injustices and inequalities, considered America the land of opportunity, the land that its streets are paved with gold. The idea that faith exaggerated, Americans have improved their economic situation to their hard work and perseverance.